IP Blog Post

What is a Protocol?
A well known set of rules and standards used to communicate between machines.

What is an Internet Protocol (IP) address?
A unique set of numbers separated by periods that identifies each computer using the Internet Protocol to communicate over a network.

How is it organized hierarchically?
from most broad to most specific it is organized in country/network, region/network, subnetwork, device.

How many bits are in an IPv4 address?
Ipv4 addresses have 32 bits.

How many IPv4 addresses does that mean there are?
This means there are more than 4 billion unique addresses.

What is the difference between IPv4 and IPv6 ?
IPv4 have only 32 bits and provides only 4 billion addresses while IPv6 uses 128 bits and provides 340 undecillion unique addresses.

Why do we need IPv6?
We need IPv6 to accommodate for the increasing number of internet users as it can provide IP addresses for more people than it will ever need to, while IPv4 can only provide for about half of the worlds current population.

What is an IP packet?
IP packets are pieces of a message that are attached to and IP address before being sent.

What is the difference between an IP address and an IP packet?
An IP address is simply the location of a computer, while an IP packet is information attached to an IP address, depending on that address to tell it where to go.

What is the purpose of the Domain Name System (DNS)?
DNS associates certain IP addresses with certain types of websites making it easier to search for a desired IP address.


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